HJS
volume 4, issue 2, 2003-4
NOTES

1 See attached Appendix for an annotated genealogy of Ulysses.

2 Cf. The New York Times June 7, 1984 ("New Edition Fixes 5,000 Errors in Ulysses"); The Economist, 85 (June 23, 1984: "The New Ulysses"); and Ellmann's own early remarks in "The Big Word in Ulysses" (New York Times Book Review, 30 [October 25, 1984]).

3 I can find none of the 36 specific errors Jack Dalton mentions in "The Text of Ulysses" (1972) in Gabler's edition, for example.

4 The proceedings of this conference can be found in Assessing the 1984 Ulysses (Ed. C. George Sandulescu and Clive Hart. Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble Books, 1986).

5 McGann did applaud the genetic text as a scholarly tool (McGann "Postmodern" 291) but was lukewarm concerning editorial decisions made in creating the reading text.

6 The New York Review of Books, June 30, 1988: 32-9.

7 A. Walton Litz, who examined the manuscript some years prior to assisting Gabler's effort (Driver 32), may have been the only individual involved in editing the Garland edition to have ever personally reviewed the original Rosenbach Manuscript prior to 1984.

8 These examples are found in D.F. McKenzie's Bibliography and the Sociology of Texts (58-9). McKenzie cites two papers delivered by Kidd: "'Thirteen. Death's Number': Structural Symbolism in Ulysses," delivered at the Second Provincetown Joyce Conference (June 1983) and "Errors of Execution in the 1984 Ulysses," delivered to The Society for Textual Scholarship (New York, April 1985).

9 For the NYRB, see Aug. 18, 1988 (63-5), Sept. 29, 1988 (80-3), Oct. 27, 1988 (100-1), Dec. 8, 1988 (53-8), Jan. 19, 1989 (58-9), Feb. 2, 1989 (pp. no. unknown), Mar. 30, 1989 (43-5), and June 1, 1989 (40-1). For TLS, see July 1-7, 1988 (733), July 8-14, 1988 (755), July 22-8, 1988 (805, 818), August 12-8, 1988 (883), Aug. 19-25, 1988 (907), Sept. 2-8, 1988 (963), Sept. 9-15, 1988 (989), Oct. 7-13, 1989 (1109, 1132), Oct. 21-7, 1988 (1175), Nov. 4-10, 1988 (1227), and Dec. 16-22, 1988 (1395).

10 The New York Review of Books, December 8, 1988: 53-8.

11 The University of Tulsa acquired Ellmann's papers after his death in 1987 (Rossman 53).

12 Cf. Mahaffey 186.

13 Cf. McGann "Postmodern" 287; Gaskell xi.

14 "A man of genius makes no mistakes. His errors are volitional and are the portals of discovery" (61U 190; 86U 9.228-9).

15 In fact, Mahaffey argues that any of Joyce's texts are problematic in editing, which Joyce makes clear in the title Finnegans Wake (as opposed to Finnegan's Wake), a small but poignant alert to his readers that "reading is itself a transitory editorial practice" (Mahaffey 185-6).

16 This is the historisch-kritische Ausgabe that Gabler outlined after his "critical" edition of Ulysses, which stands in stark contrast to such an edition (Gabler Introduction 3).

17 Cf. Mahaffey 186.

18 Henri Matisse produced six illustrations for the 1935 Limited Editions Club edition having never read Joyce's novel (his illustrations thus depicted moments taken from Homer, not Joyce).

19 To return once more to McGann: "as literary works are narrowly identified with an author, the identity of the author with respect to the work is critically simplified through this process of individualisation. The result is that the dynamic social relations which always exist in literary production...tends to become obscured" (McGann Critique 81).

20 Rose's edition, however, does deserve some recognition for presenting alternate conflations of "Penelope."

21 Currently, Michael Groden (a member of Garland's 1984 Academic Advisory Committee) and the University of Western Ontario are producing a hypertext edition of Ulysses with the support of the James Joyce Estate. Tentatively, this hypertext edition is scheduled to be released on June 16, 2004 (Bloomsday's 100th anniversary) by the University of Pennsylvania Press. See <http://publish.uwo.ca/%7Emgroden /ulysses/> for further details.


BIBLIOGRAPHY
A Portrait of The Artist as a Young Man. Ed. Jeri Johnson. New York: Oxford UP, 2000. (Abbreviated P in the text.)

Ulysses [A Reproduction of the 1961 Reset Text]. New York: Modern Library, 1992. (Abbreviated 61U in text.)

Ulysses: A Facsimile of the Manuscript. 3 vols. Introduction by Harry Levin and Bibliographic Preface by Clive Driver. New York, London and Philadelphia: Octagon Books (in association with The Philip H. & A.S.W. Rosenbach Foundation), 1975.

Ulysses: The Corrected Text. Ed. by Hans Walter Gabler with Wolfhard Steppe and Claus Melchoir. Vintage Books, New York: 1986. (Abbreviated 86U in text.)

Ulysses: A Critical and Synoptic Edition, prepared by Hans Walter Gabler with Wolfhard Steppe and Clause Melchior. 3 vols. New York and London: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1984.



Dalton, Jack P. "The Text of Ulysses." New Light on Joyce from the Dublin Symposium. Ed. Fritz Senn. London and Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1972. 99-119.

Driver, Clive. Bibliographical Preface. James Joyce Ulysses: A Facsimile of the Manuscript. New York: Octagon Books (in association with the Philip H.W. Rosenbach Foundation), 1975. 13-33.

Ellmann, Richard. "A Crux in the New Ulysses." Assessing the 1984 Ulysses. Ed. C. George Sandulescu and Clive Hart. Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble Books, 1986. 28-34.

----. "The Big Word in Ulysses." New York Times Book Review, October 25, 1984.

Gabler, Hans Walter. Afterword. Ulysses: A Critical and Synoptic Edition. 3 vols. Ed by Hans Walter Gabler with Wolfhard Steppe and Claus Melchior. Garland Publishing, New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1984. 1,859-1,907.

----. Afterword. Ulysses: The Corrected Text. Ed. by Hans Walter Gabler with Wolfhard Steppe and Claus Melchoir. Vintage Books, New York: 1986. 647-50.

----. Introduction. Contemporary German Editorial Theory. Ed. Hans Walter Gabler, George Bornstein, Gillian Borland Pierce. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995. 1-16.

Gaskell, Philip and Clive Hart. Introduction. Ulysses: A Review of Three Texts. Ed. Philip Gaskell and Clive Hart. Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble Books, 1989. ix-xvi.

Hart, Clive. "Art Thou Real, My Ideal?" Assessing the 1984 Ulysses. Ed. C. George Sandulescu and Clive Hart. Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble Books, 1986: 58-65.

Homer. The Odyssey. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2001.

Kidd, John. "The Scandal of 'Ulysses.'" The New York Review of Books, 35:11 (June 30, 1988). 32-9.

----. "Making the Wrong Joyce." The New York Review of Books, 25 September 1997. NYRB Electronic Archives: http://www.nybooks.com/articles/1084. 10/22/03.

McGann, Jerome J. The Textual Condition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1991.

----. "Ulysses as a Postmodern Text: The Gabler Edition." Criticism, 27:3 (Summer 1985): 283-306.

McKenzie, D.F. Bibliography and the Sociology of Texts. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999.

Mahaffey, Vicki. "Intentional Error: The Paradox of Editing Joyce's Ulysses." Representing Modernist Texts. Ed. George Bornstein. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991. 171-91.

O'Hanlan, John. "The Continuing Scandal of 'Ulysses': An Exchange." The New York Review of Books. September 29, 1988. 80-3.

Rose, Danis. Introduction: The Rationale of the Reader's Edition. Ulysses: A Reader's Edition. Dublin: The Lilliput Press, 1997.

Rossman, Charles. "The New 'Ulysses': The Hidden Controversy." The New York Review of Books, December 8, 1988: 53-8.

Slocum, John J. and Herbert Cahoon. A Bibliography of James Joyce. London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1953.

Staley, Thomas F. "James Joyce." Anglo-Irish Literature: A Review of Research. Ed. Richard J. Finneran. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1976. 366-435.

Verene, Donald Phillip. "The 1922 and 1984 Editions: Some Philosophical Considerations." Assessing the 1984 Ulysses. Ed. C. George Sandulescu and Clive Hart. Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble Books, 1986: 214-17.
GEORGE MICAJAH PHILLIPS THE PROTEAN TEXT OF ULYSSES AND WHY ALL EDITIONS ARE EQUALLY >DEFINITIVE<
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